Solray Systems has recently completed design upgrade revisions of the standard DiagenTM reactor tube, as supplied to the Muradel Project with a view to increasing production rates and reducing the plant physical footprint size.
Based on current New Zealand operating costs and conditions (mid 2019) the projected cost per barrel of DiagenTM WTI bio-crude is less than US $55.00 per barrel (at a carbon price of NZ $24.00 per tonne of CO2.
Solray Systems has run extensive process conversion trials on a wide range of waste materials including:
Polymers and other Fibres as found in used clothing and materials
The DiagenTM biomass to Bio-crude conversion system is able to handle all organic waste streams with only mechanical size reduction required to ensure a pumpable waste slurry can be formed.
The Tairawhiti Lignin and Bio-oil Production Facility proposed to be located in Gisborne will process biomass and other organic wastes to produce pure lignin and bio-oil using the Solray DIAGEN and Lignin Polymer WAIPIROREWA processes.
Lignin exists naturally in plants and trees and its complex chemical structure allows for use in a wide range of applications. Lignin is a raw material that can be used to produce value added products, – a raw material that is potentially available in large amounts and that could provide replacement for many “plastics” currently produced from petroleum.
First using the Solray Lignin Polymer WAIPIROREWA process for extraction of the pure ligninand maybe residual Copper, Chrome and Arsenic if processing tantalised timber, then the remaining cellulose pulp is mixed with municipal sewage sludge and liquid trade waste from food processing.
The Solray DIAGEN Process then converts this biomass and other organic matter to a West Texas Intermediate (WTI) type crude bio-oil which can be refined into transport biofuels. The process uses HydroThermal Liquefaction (HTL) technology to breakdown the waste at a molecular level and reform it within the reactor.
The DIAGEN process operates most efficiently processing biomass when the small particle fibrous cellulosic biomass is mixed with high moisture greasy microcellular organic matter. These are organic sludges such as sewage or algae microcellular material, and fibrous material, plastics and other organic material.
The bio-oil is suitable for refining into transport fuels at the Marsden refinery and the lignin can be available as a feedstock for export or establishment of new industry producing bio-based materials.
The Solray Diagen Reactor process is a modular constructed continuous process with a biomass to biofuel conversion efficiency of about 35%, meeting European Directive RED II (2016) fuel specification.
Pure lignin is different from the lignin produced by the pulp and paper mills which has been damaged because the Kraft process uses strong caustic or acidic chemicals to fully remove the lignin and to leave only the cellulose. Pulp lignin cannot be softened and extruded and formed into plastic products as easily as pure lignin.