The Solray Reactor Process makes use of “Super Critical Water” to enable the HydroThermal Liquefaction (HTL) process to occur. Water is described as “Supercritical” when its temperature and pressure approaches 350 oC and 250 bar (4000 psi) at the same time.
Supercritical water is chemically different to the three normal states of water (Ice, Liquid & Steam) found in nature – i.e. the temperature and pressure causes the water molecule to split apart:
- The oxygen atoms aggressively start to break carbon and carbohydrate bonds.
- The hydrogen atoms, from the water molecule, react with broken carbon chains creating hydrocarbon biofuel.
The result is a series of chemical reactions along the lines of: –